A chart based on US Census Bureau and Comscore data was published by Business Insider. It shows Mobile Commerce growing three times faster than Ecommerce overall.
The numbers behind it are very interesting:
mobile commerce is on the rise and has registered a 48% YoY growth, in the second quarter. It now accounts for $8 billion in online spending.
overall ecommerce (including mobile commerce) grew “only” 15.9% year over year in the second quarter and totals $70.1 billion in online sales.
Stop betting on (just) mobile. We’re not there yet.
Smartphones and tablets have brought forth a revolution in computing and social interaction. Unfortunately for overenthusiastic mobile-only fans, mcommerce usage is lagging behind mobile device adoption.
If you look at the chart above you’ll see there’s a linear growth in mobile commerce. Not a hockey puck growth. Not even an accelerated growth.
Even more – ecommerce accounts for only 5.9% of all retail. Mobile commerce itself is just 11.4% of ecommerce. This means mobile commerce, however ambitious is pretty much insignifiant. It accounts for just 0.67% of total US retail.
Smartphones and tablets are extremely popular. Mobile commerce – not so much.
And hey – it’s not the fact that people don’t like smartphones. Oh no. People love smartphones:
They also love tablets. Almost 42% of all US adults own at least a tablet. Remember – this is a product that went on sale only 4 years ago, when Apple introduced the iPad. In just 4 short years, the tablet has become a virtually ubiquitous computing item for US adults.
So – people are buying mobile devices like crazy. PC sales are dropping yet the mobile commerce is just 0.67% .Why?
The short answer – there is no mobile commerce.
Mobile is the bridge. It helps connect the physical world to the virtual world. The act of purchasing happens on multiple channels. Mobile is not “the future”. It is the present yet the present comes in a form we have not met before – a bridge across channels.
If we take the time to see matters from the consumer’s point of view things are not as black and white as we expect them to be. Few if any consumers think in terms of mobile OR desktop OR brick and mortar. The consumer will spend time in a B&M store, browse the web to search for the right products, do a little showrooming to find the be best pricing. In the end, the whole purchasing experience stretches across channels and some are more popular than others.
But the customer has only one perspective where channels blend in. The omnichannel perspective. To provide the ecosystem for this perspective, the new retailers will try to understand and implementomnichannel retail because mobile, however massive, is just a piece of the puzzle.
Quickly – think of one market you know is a sure bet for growth. If you guessed the groceries market, awesome! You’ve spotted the subtle hint in the title. The groceries market in the US is expected to reach $1.1 trillion in 2016. China, the largest groceries market, is expected to peak at almost $1.6 trillion in 2016. India, Brazil and Russia are growing at a fast pace and are expected to overtake Japan within the same threshold.
All in all – the US and BRIC states groceries market is expected to total $4.2 trillion within the next two years.
That’s a big market. Obviously, some of those groceries will be purchased online. For the online groceries market to take off, some disruption has to happen. Although not yet mainstream, we can see signs that consumers will be purchasing at least some of their groceries online.
Amazon is going Fresh
If there is one thing that online retailers need to get right in the groceries market – that is the logistics. From a consumer point of view, a reliable fulfillment and a guaranteed product freshness is a must. To do that, online and omnichannel retailers need to set new logistics policies to allow for a quick order delivery, without loss in product quality. Do we know a company that is really good at online retailing logistics? Of course we do:
Amazon is clearly the leader in online retailing so it was expected to move into this market. It did so 5 years ago. Its Amazon Fresh grocery service was first tested in Seattle. Now the company unleashed the grocery service in San Diego. Customers in Northern and Southern California can pick from 500.000 products, ranging from vegetables and milk to batteries and hair care products.
Jeff Bezos previously mentioned that in order to become a $200 billion company, Amazon has to learn to sell food and clothes. The obvious target was Walmart, a company with revenue north of $475 billion.
To do so, the company will continue to improve its service and increase the number of cities Amazon Fresh is available in. “We’ll continue our methodical approach – measuring and refining AmazonFresh – with the goal of bringing this incredible service to more cities over time” mentioned Bezos, addressing Amazon’s shareholders.
The methodical approach Jeff Bezos is talking about might reach New York soon enough. Re/Code mentioned the company has already prepared an warehouse in the area, instructed suppliers to ship frozen products to it and is hiring workforce for the service.
In New York, Amazon will have to face competition from online groceries retailers such as FreshDirect or popular startup Instacart.
Online Groceries in Europe are growing fast
It’s not just the US, though. Online supermarket Ocado now covers 73% of UK’s population, more than any other supermarket chain. It’s plans are outrageously ambitious: take the world by storm through a global marketplace, similar to Amazon’s. Only for groceries.
Whatever it is they’re doing – it must be right because the company jumped from being evaluated at less than £300 million to a £2.3bn valuation in less than 13 months.
Uber rides into ecommerce, brings groceries
You’ve probably heard a bit about Uber. It’s that company that’s turning the cab industry on its head, enraging french cab drivers and linking riders with drivers.
Now it’s testing a new service, called Corner Store, in Washington. Customers can order from a limited inventory right now, 100 products only, ranging from “drinks” to “feminine care” to “first aid”. Not in that particular order.
What comes to mind when you think digital payments? That would probably be PayPal. We all know Ebay subsidiary PayPal leads the game in digital Payments but now the game is set to change.
Although it does have the first mover advantage and has been going strong into omnichannel retail, PayPal is threatened by the largest tech companies in the world:
First of all, company president David Marcus has resigned (or has been fired as rumor has it) to join Facebook. His mission – building a new type of … messaging tool. And by that I mean Facebook Payments.
Google is pushing hard on its Google Wallet, a mobile bridge between online and offline sales. It is a fully NFC compatible payment system, which now accepts all major credit and debit cards, loyalty cards and discount cards. It also allows customers to save offers and buy using touch-to-pay systems.
Everyone raved about the Amazon phone but the actual big news is … Amazon Payments. With over 200 million credit cards stored and the ability to pay with one click (for a very long time Amazon held the patent on that), Amazon is probably the biggest competitor to Ebay’s PayPal.
Apple also has a huge database of credit cards stored on its server. It also has a massive database of customer options, customer history and a fully featured Keychain app built into Safari, ready to help customers do a quick checkout. Its wide device adoption allows it to become one of the most important players in the omnichannel payments area.
Last year american retailer Target was the victim of a security breach. The hack compromised personal data for over 110 million customers. What is now known to be one of the biggest security breach in corporate history has not left the company unscathed.
On December 13th, 2013, Target executives meet with the US Justice Department. The reason: discussing a hack that exposed credit and debit card data for over 40 million customers. On December 18th security analyst Brian Krebs breaks the news. The Secret Service is involved and Target gets investigated.
On Dec. 27, 2013 word’s out that PIN numbers for the stolen cards were accessed. Target acknowledges PIN’s were accessed but says they were not decrypted. Meanwhile Russian forums get flooded with millions of credit cards.
And then it gets worse: Target declares an additional 70 million customers were affected by the security breach. The company reveals poor Holiday sales. Lays off 475 employees and reports costs associated with the data loss topping $200 million.
The breach left Target in a disastrous situation as profits dropped 46% in the last quarter (-$440 million), compared to the year before.
First the CIO, now the CEO
After the blast, some heads were sure to fall. First was CIO Beth Jacob, the obvious … target. To show it means business, the company brought Bob DeRodes on board, as new CIO and executive VP. DeRodes, 63, started on May 5th and now oversees the adoption of secure technology, with the help of $100 million worth of tech investments.
The new CIO is a tech security veteran, his previous endeavors including being a senior IT advisor for some organizations you might have heard of: the US Department of Homeland Security, US Department of Justice and the US Secretary of Defense.
But that was not enough. Chairman, President and CEO Gregg Steinhafel announced his resignation. The breach left both Steinhafel and the company in a vulnerable position.
The company announced the parts have reached a settlement that will probably allow the ex-CEO to walk out with over $11.7 million salary and incentive pay. Not bad for a CEO leaving a company that lost $941 million in its Canadian 2013 expansion, is under heavy fire from Amazon and Walmart and was just exposed to the biggest card robbery in history.
But than again, the man did work for Target for the past 35 years.
In 1972 an young man, then 22, would join his father in their family owned small tailor shop. After graduating from Waseda University he tried his hand at selling kitchenware in a Jusco supermarket but that didn’t really worked out. So after one year in the kitchenware sales business he was back to the family shop.
It took him 13 years of hard work and one day, in 1985, he opened the first unisex clothing store in Hiroshima City. The brand our young man built would soon become a global multi-billion company and in 2014 – the fastest growing online retailer in the US.
The brand you will see towering at number one in the fastest growing online retailers in the United States is proof that the Internet is indeed a leveled play field. As many economists, investors and analysts showed – the Internet is clearing the way for a border-less economy.
InternetRetailer’s top retailers list clearly shows the fastest growing retailers are a special breed of companies. From foreign investors to Google, from mom-and-pop stores turned fast growing retailers – these companies show that we’re living extraordinary times for a ever-evolving breed of new retailers. Their growth and many others’ amount to a 16.9% growth in ecommerce sales in the US. That’s one big number but it gets even bigger when you have a look at the growth rate for the five fastest growing online retailers.
No.5: Google Play – Growth rate – 162%
Google’s entertainment ecommerce business has been growing rapidly with the extended adoption of Android based mobile devices. In terms of android app sales is second only to the largest online retailer in the world, Amazon, but it seems the gap is closing fast.
The company is now one of the biggest digital goods retailer online, selling anything from music to movies, apps and games. It is also heavily pushing Android – powered mobile devices such as those manufactured by Samsung or HTC and the much praised Chromebooks.
Google Play, originally named Android Market, was launched on 22 October 2008, as an Android alternative to Apple’s App Store.
In July 2013 Google Play listed more than 1 million apps available and over 50 billion downloads since launch. The number is growing fast and it has already surpassed the App Store in terms of submitted applications and downloads. With gamers worldwide switching from PC and gaming consoles to hand-held devices, the app sales market becomes more and more attractive, thus the increased growth rate.
Google Play Sales Figures
Here are some key take-away figures to get a glimpse into Google Play’s sales:
estimated $1.3 billion in revenue in 2013
75% of all downloaded mobile apps run Android
top 200 grossing apps are cashing in on $12 million /day
No.4: Alex and Ani – Growth rate – 250%
Alex and Ani was founded in 2004 by Carmen Rafaelian. The company designs, manufactures and sells its own line of bangles, earrings, necklaces and rings.
A factory originally built by Rafaelian’s father in 1966 was home for the first manufacturing operations. Now Alex and Ani has 40 brick and mortar stores and an online store that reported a 250% increase in YoY sales.
The one thing that sets the company apart from its competition is its focus on a virtuous company ethos. Alex and Ani, originally named after its founder’s two daughters, takes pride in designing and manufacturing long-lasting, beautifully designed, hand-made jewelry. The products are somehow filled with positive energy, using carefully designed symbols that “carry their own energy and are accompanied by thoughtfully crafted and meticulously researched meaning“. Buyers are of course empowered by the jewels, which “reflect the unique qualities of the individual“. All materials and manufacturing is “Made in America With Love”. And positive energy.
I don’t know about the esoteric power of its products but the company is definately ahead of its game when it comes to customer experience. Besides adopting a multichannel approach to product sales, Alex and Ani adopted a mobile checkout process in store. The company partnered with Mobiquity to create a mPOS (mobile Point of Sale) solution that lets store associates handle payments and answer customer questions independent of fixed POS. The hardware solution is part iPod and part mobile payments processor. Each Alex and Ani store now comes equipped with up to 25 such devices. As a result store associates (or Bangles Bartenders) can bond with customers and quickly answer their needs.
Alex and Ani Sales Figures
Alex and Ani opened their first retail store in 2009. Sales that year were $2.9 million
In 2012 sales had reached $79.8 million, showing a staggering 3 years growth of 3569%
In 2013 sales reached $230 million
No.3: NoMoreRack.com – Growth rate – 250%
NoMoreRack.com was founded in 2010 by Deepak Agarval, now CEO. The company sells women, men, home, electronics, kids, and lifestyle products, through a combination of daily deals and flash sales.
Although the company has had a successful increase in sales, possibly due to it small pricing and short-term sales policy, the customer service still needs work. The Better Business Bureau lists no less than 2590 closed complaints in the last 3 years, most (1335) in the last 12 months. Customers complained about product and service, as well as delivery issues. The company seems to be improving its customer service and is willing to resolve ongoing complaints.
Be that as it may, the old saying “sales cure everything” may hold true, as NoMoreRack’s 250% increase in sales shows. But just in case – the company has a pool of cash to help it get through rough times, thanks to series A investment by asian G-Market ($12 million, 2012) and series B investment lead by Oak Investments ($40 million, 2013).
NoMoreRack Sales Figures
$325 million in 2013 sales
$78 million sold Nov 1, 2013 through Dec 2, 2013 (Cyber monday). Yes, that is one month.
No. 2: TheRealReal.com – Growth Rate – 297%
Although it may not be number one on the list, The RealReal is probably the most interesting business model on it. It is a mix between luxury sales, flash sales and consignment sales. The company was founded in 2011 by Julie Wainwright and is now the top online resale outlet for luxury goods. Flash sales cover a wide array of luxury products, ranging from clothing to jewelry to art and beyond.
Previously to being the founder of The RealReal, Julie Wainwright, 57, served as a CEO to high profile consumer dot com ventures such as Pets.com and Reel.com, as well as a board member for the San Francisco Art Institute, Baker and Taylor and more. She was named among the top 50 Most Influential Business women in the Bay Area.
As impressive as that sounds, it may be possible The RealReal is her greatest achievement yet. Companies such as Reel.com or Pets.com folded at times she held top management positions, most likely due to the dot com crash. She outlined the challenges and mistakes that lead to these failures in her book “ReBoot: My Five Life-Changing Mistakes and How I Have Moved On“.
The RealReal Business Model
Consignors sell their goods through TheRealReal and get up to 70% the end price. The company curates the product listing and authenticates all products with the help of professional gemologists, art experts, horology consultants and authentication experts.
Because all sales happen during a 72 hrs time-span customers can upgrade to a 24 hrs advance to sales, by purchasing a “First Look” subscription for 5$/month. Right now only 0.6% of all members have upgraded to the First Look subscription, but founder Julie Wainwright is optimistic about the future.
The company considers itself as holding the “top products from Ebay and the bottom of Sotheby’s and Christie’s”. Unlike Ebay, consignors earn 60% of the sale price and can work their way up to 70%, with repeated sales. The RealReal thus built a gamification system that encourages sellers to repeatedly use the platform.
The RealReal Sales and Membership Figures
Over 750 000 members
Over 1.5 million visits per month
2012 Sales: $15.1 million
2013 YOY growth in sales: 297%
No. 1: Uniqlo – Growth Rate – 341 %
Remember the young man we were talking at the beginning of this post? The one that opened a store in Hiroshima City in 1985 and went on to become the leader of one of the largest retail chains in the world? His name is Tadashi Yanai, the wealthiest man in Japan ($17.6 billion in 2014) and the founder of Uniqlo, now the fastest growing online retailer in the United States.
It stands as a sign of the times that a brand founded in Hiroshima went on to become the leader in a redefining area of retail, in the largest economy in the world, almost 30 years since its birth date.
In may 1985, Unique Clothing Warehouse was opened as a unisex casual wear store in Fukuro Machi, Hiroshima. It later on changed its name to Uniqlo, a contraction of “unique clothing” and became increasingly popular as it opened store after store in an effort to extend its retail reach.
Uniqlo, now a wholly owned subsidiary of Fast Retailing, is a contender to global casual wear behemoths GAP, H&M, Limited Brands (best known for Victoria’s Secret brand) and Zara (a brand owned by the Inditex Group). Its first urban store opened in the fashionable Harajuku district in november 1998. It was quickly followed by approximately 780 stores in Japan and later throughout the world.
The company entered the chinese market in 2002 and the US market in 2005. Since its debut in America, Uniqlo continuously opened stores and plans to open up to 200 locations by 2020, with a sales target of $10 billion. Right now the total store count is 18, way behind its presence in Japan (790 stores) and China (260 stores). Still not bad considering the fact that many american retailers are actually closing stores.
Uniqlo plans to become the biggest company in its market, by growing at a 20% rate until 2020, when it expects to report $61.2 billion in revenue. The company’s track record so far shows that is possible.
Ebay subsidiary PayPal is dead serious about taking on a $10 trillion market: the Multichannel Payments Market. To do so it will have to prove its worthiness against older companies, especially in offline commerce.
With more than 140 million registered users already, PayPal has the sweetest spot in the online payments today. Its acquisition of global payments company Braintree secured an additional 35 million registered users. As President David Marcus puts it – this is a part of an effort to redefine money and payments into what he calls “Money 3.0” – a new way of looking at payments and how customers use them.
PayPal owner-company Ebay is at the front of what some would call a commerce revolution led by technology. Its three main branches (The Marketplaces, Ebay Enterprise and PayPal) all work together in this changing landscape.
The Marketplaces (including Ebay.com, Shopping.com and Rent.com) enable C2C Commerce, while Ebay Enterprise caters end-to-end multichannel commerce technology. Ebay Enterprise is the tech, operational management and marketing vendor for the likes of Toys’R’Us, Radioshack, Sony ant many others.
Between these two, the payment processing subsidiary PayPal leads the way in online payments. The company is Ebay’s most promising subsidiary, growing at 20% in 2013. As of 2011, it decided to go offline, allowing customers to handle their money, cards and PayPal wallets in one place.
To increase offline usage, PayPal now offers point-of-sale solutions, mostly targeted at the new tablet-based counters. Store owners can easily implement its apps and start charging right away.
In an effort to increase adoption, PayPal started integration with third-party store management solutions such as ShopKeep POS, Booker, or Leapset.
Among its benefits for store-owners, Paypal lists security, quick implementation and an all-in-one approach to accepting payments, scanning barcodes, tracking inventory and sending invoices.
Customers willing to take their PayPal Wallet to an offline store account can pay by swiping their PayPal paycard, using their account or by paying online and picking up in store. Having a larger pool of companies accepting PayPal payments allows the company to securely handle all transactions, allow customers to receive loyalty points and handle all personal information.
Ebay and PayPal will stick together
Since Ebay purchased PayPal, both companies listed a successful increase in revenue. Ebay powered PayPal’s adoption to its marketplace users and in turn PayPal grew up to become one of Ebay’s most profitable subsidiaries, amounting to 41% of total revenue in 2013.
With the help from Ebay, PayPal grew from $600 million in mobile payments to $27 billion in just three years. The figures are posted on the 2014 annual shareholder meeting website, in response to Carl Icahn’s demand to spin PayPal off into a separate company.
Carl Icahn, one of the most notorious corporate raiders in the tech industry, demanded PayPal to be split into a separate company and become listed on its on. The board of directors fought his demands showing that even though the company is open to changes in the future, right now the two are working better together.
Luck would have it that shareholders reached an agreement to keep the companies together and handle the incoming commerce revolution as a whole.
“[…] we have moved aggressively to leverage PayPal’s integration with eBay to expand PayPal’s reach to millions of online retailers and to offline transactions. PayPal remains one of the fastest growing elements of the company – which helps explain why others are targeting the payments business but are far behind PayPal.”